Wednesday, 18 September 2013


(6)  Voyager 1 has now left our solar system! The news we have been waiting all year to hear has finally been announced, Voyager 1 has entered interstellar space.

Voyager entering Interstellar Space

Scientists claim Voyager 1 entered interstellar space more than a year ago. Study claims Voyager 1 left heliosphere around 25th of August 2012. The reason for the delay in the announcement was because they wanted to be certain, all the data needed to be checked. After careful analysis, scientists are confident that Voyager 1 has left our solar system and is now the first mission to explore interstellar space, the space between our star and the next. Interstellar simply meaning in between stars.  

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Voyager 1 and 2 were built by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, to explore the outer planets of our solar system. Each spacecraft held a self-contained system that carried its own power generation system, propulsion system, communication equipment, and scientific instruments. The primary mission was the exploration of Jupiter and Saturn, including a close look at Saturn's rings and the larger moons of the two planets. Voyager 2 was supposed to act as a backup to Voyager 1. If Voyager 1 failed when taking pictures of Jupiter and Saturn, NASA was prepared to alter Voyager 2's path to follow Voyager 1's trajectory. It would cut off the Uranus and Neptune option, but still preserve the possibility of some pictures. The mission was intended for five years, but after a succession of fascinating images returned by Voyager, NASA decided to extend the mission. This new mission was to explore the outer planets of our solar system and then eventually to go on and enter interstellar space.

On the 20th of August 1977 Voyager 2 was the first to launch, followed by Voyager 1 sixteen days later. Even though Voyager 2 was launched earlier, Voyager 1 had a faster flight path, and arrived at Jupiter four months before its sister craft.


On board Voyager 1 and 2 NASA placed a message, kind of a time capsule, intended to communicate a story of our world to extraterrestrials.


Tuesday, 3 July 2012


Endeavour at launch pad

(3)  The Shuttles or Orbiters as they are officially known, were designed as the first re-usable orbital spacecraft for carrying crews and various payloads into low-earth-orbit, capable of a wide range of missions before returning to earth. The Orbiter is basically a space-plane that is able to launch using rocket assistance and manoeuvre as needed in orbit before re-entering the earth's atmosphere to land like a glider. Early missions included the Spacelab series jointly funded by several European nations and many satellite launches. Their most recent achievements include helping build the International Space Station which has taken more than 10 years and is now virtually complete. There is one more mission to the ISS, Atlantis, scheduled for the 8th July 2011; this will be the last shuttle mission ever. A very sad moment for all involved.

There were 6 shuttles all together, the first being Enterprise which took off from the back of a Boeing-747 cargo plane in 1977. Columbia was the first shuttle to take-off with a rocket from the launch pad in 1981. In 1983 Challenger first launched, followed by Discovery in 1984 and Atlantis in 1985 but in 1986 disaster struck, Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into the flight because an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed at lift off. Sadly, all 7 crew members were killed.

Challenger Space Shuttle crash

Challenger's smoke plume
Challenger's smoke plume 
Challenger crew STS-51-L
Challenger crew STS-51-L 

Many people were watching the launch live, including school children as Christa McAuliffe, the first member of the Teacher in Space Project, was part of the crew. The Challenger disaster has been used as a case study in many discussions of engineering safety and workplace ethics. A new shuttle was made to replace Challenger, named Endeavour which first launched in 1992. I managed to follow Endeavour's final mission on May 16th 2011 thanks to NASA TV.

In 2003 disaster struck again, this time Columbia was destroyed on re-entry into the earth's atmosphere, killing all 7 crew members.The loss of Columbia was a result of damage sustained during launch when a piece of foam insulation the size of a small briefcase broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank (the main propellant tank) under the aerodynamic forces of launch. The debris struck the leading edge of the left wing, damaging the Shuttle's thermal protection system (TPS), which shields it from heat generated with the atmosphere during re-entry. While Columbia was still in orbit, some engineers suspected damage, but NASA managers limited the investigation, on the grounds that little could be done even if problems were found.  Since this tragedy astronauts are trained to repair any tiles on the shuttle in space before they re-enter the earths atmosphere.


Wednesday, 27 July 2011

CROP CIRCLES . . . . Here lies the TRUTH

4 Mayans crop circles
(5)  I have always had an interest in crop circles ever since I was a little girl, they were so pretty. Now I am older and have looked into the meaning of these crop circles, I am even more intrigued by them. Are these images made by something from outer-space? Are they messages? The answer to both of these questions is yes! Yes they are made from something or someone not of this planet and yes they are messages, that we are getting very good at interpreting. When I started looking at the evidence I was amazed and you will be too.

One of the first questions everyone wants to know is, "Are they hoaxes"? Well, you decide! I don't think they are as they are far too elaborate, there is never any mistakes and no-one has yet proved them to be fakes. There has been hoaxers who claim to of made them but they themselves were proved to be fakes. The scientific evidence taken from the crop circles also prove that nothing on this earth could of made them. You have also got to remember that the genuine circles are produced in one night in darkness, there has never been half a circle found next morning. There has been circles that have been added to over a period of nights but the added bits actually makes them even more complex.

Here is an extract from Crop Circles Secrets on what happens to the crops of a crop circle.

"In genuine formations the stems are not broken but bent and swirled; they are subjected to a short and intense burst of heat that softens the stems to hover just above the ground, where they re-harden without damage. Research suggests that infra sound is producing such an effect. It has also been scientifically proven that soil samples taken from within crop circles show changes in its crystalline structure and mineral composition. Expert analysis concludes that heat of 1500ÂșC would create such a change. These are hardly the kind of anomalies created by pranksters with planks!


Tuesday, 19 July 2011


Nashville 1989
Nashville 1989
(4)  UFOs, Unidentified flying objects!!  We all presume when we hear the word UFO that it must be extraterrestrial, but as we all actually know, it just means Unidentified!   Or does it?   From looking into the phenomena of UFOs, I have found a startling amount of evidence to suggest we have been visited by extraterrestrial UFOs for a very long time.

When UFO sightings are reported, the majority of them can be explained, but there are about 29% of sightings that cannot be explained.  Most of these reported sightings come from pilots, astronauts and cosmonauts.  Why would we disbelieve them?  These people are very highly educated, they are not attention seekers or mentally disturbed in any way.  So why don't these reports get taken seriously?  I don't know the answer to that, I can only presume that until you see a UFO with your own eyes then it can be hard to take the word of someone else.  The reports probably are believed, but what can anyone do!  I suppose it's a case of, "Thank you for reporting it, there's nothing we can do so we'll now file it away!" The X Files comes to mind.   Believe this though,  there are a lot of X files out there, some of which I will talk about here and if you are not a believer already, you will be after reading this blog, if you are still a non-believer then you are one of those people who will only believe it, when an alien comes up to you and taps you on your shoulder and says "Hi Earthling".

Phoenix Lights

There is one famous sighting which occurred over the skies of Phoenix, Arizona, USA on 13th March 1997, named the Phoenix Lights.  This UFO sighting was seen by thousands of people, including the Governor of Arizona, who denied seeing it at the time, he even mocked the reports as ludicrous.  He has come forward since and admitted that he did see the lights that night.  He didn't admit it at the time, he claims, as he didn't want people to panic, but I suspect it was more to do with not wanting to be ridiculed.  Which makes sense.

Here video footage taken on that night:-

Phoenix lights 1997 - Original UFO footage

These lights were also seen over Nevada and the Mexican state of Sonora.  The lights were described as being in a triangular or V-shaped formation that were underneath a massive, V-shaped, black craft unlike anything that anyone had ever seen before.

UFOs, Phoenix lights, V-shaped craft over Phoenix
V-shaped craft over Phoenix

The United States Air Force tried to explain away the reports as flares dropped by A-10 Warthog aircraft that was apparently on training exercises at the Barry Goldwater Range in southwest Arizona.  I think the problem with that explanation is:- flares fall downwards and don't float across the sky as over 10,000 people reported.  The lights traveled for hundreds of miles, flares don't travel that far. Another question comes to mind, wouldn't you think the people of Arizona would be used to seeing flares being dropped, seeing as the 'dropping of flares' has been going on since 1941?  Also, who would drop flares over a populated area? So, I think that excludes that theory.

Another explanation for the lights that appeared that night, was a top-secret Military craft.  Again, there are a lot of flaws in this explanation.  If top-secret, then why fly at low altitude over a populated city so that thousands of people can see it?  Why not fly over the hundreds of miles of empty desert around Arizona?  Also, every airport in the country (USA) is surrounded by a Class B airspace, a protective zone, no aircraft including Military aircraft can enter Class B airspace, without communication and clearance from air-traffic control.  What flew over Phoenix on 13th March 1997, clearly violated Class B airspace when it entered without communication and clearance.  It also violated minimum safety altitudes requirements and flew across one of the busiest airports in the country, undetected by radar.  Go figure!!  In my opinion, this was not an Unidentified Flying Object, it was an Extraterrestrial Spacecraft.